One of the Seven Wonders of the World, Taj Mahal is showpiece architecture of fine Mughal craftsmanship. It was built under the aegis of Shah Jahan as a memorial for his beloved wife Arjumand Bano Begum. Her body is enshrined in the tomb at the Taj Mahal.The designs of this structure incorporate Persian and Mughal architecture. The highlight of the structure is the tomb which is a large structure made completely of marble. There is a dome made of marble that surmounts this region. It is spectacularly designed.The exterior decorations are as impressive as the interiors and are consistent with the surface area and the proportionality of the designs is meticulously planned and executed. Paint was the chief constituent for the decorations.
Also called the Red Fort, this structure dates back to the 16th century. It is situated near the gardens of the Taj Mahal. Made of red sandstone, Agra Fort has walls that surround for at least two kilometers and more. Inside are many splendid palaces such as Jahangir Palace and Khas Palace. It is over here that you will find the grand hall of audiences called Diwan-i-Khas. Also on location are a couple of magnificent mosques.The Red Fort, like the Taj Mahal, is an ode to the rich legacy of the Mughals. These structures indicate the glorious past that existed during the medieval period, and must form part of any itinerary of places to visit in Agra.
The original name of this construct was Masjid Jahan Numa. Built by Shah Jahan, the very best of artisans, sculptors, engineers and thousands of labourers were used in the construction effort. Of places to visit in Agra, the Jama Masjid is a magnificent structure.For six years, all these people toiled continuously to build the Jama Masjid. The cost of construction of this structure was a million rupees. It is believed that several stones and construction items were gifted by nobles. The verses of the Holy Quran were recited before consecrating and laying down of each stone.The Jama Masjid is essentially a mosque situated in bustling market of Chandni Chowk. The design is simple yet extremely artistic. At any given point of time the mosque can accommodate more than 25,000 people.
The city was founded by Akbar who was a powerful Mughal emperor. Fatehpur Sikri was the capital city of the Mughal Empire for many years before Agra took this position. Akbar was instrumental in envisioning the city. He commissioned the building of gardens, mosques, harems, planned roads and utility structures. This is a historic city among the places to visit near Agra.
This is one of the famous tourist places in Agra which is located in Uttar Pradesh. This is a Mughal mausoleum known for its monumental architecture. The tomb has been built with red sandstone.Sometimes this structure is called Baby Taj colloquially. Along with the main building there are several buildings outside the complex. There are beautiful gardens that dot the landscape as well. The interiors of the Itmad-ud-Daulah’s tomb have many facets that resemble the interiors of the Taj Mahal.In the initial phase of its construction, the designs were made on marble based concrete. The subsequent phases incorporated the design characteristics of the Taj Mahal. Nur Jahan oversaw the building of the mausoleum. She was the better half of the Mughal ruler Jahangir. The tomb was for her father Mirz? Ghiy?s Beg.
Located in the grounds of Sikandra, Akbar himself started this construction 1600. This tomb is yet another masterpiece from the Mughal period. Akbar’s Tomb resides in more than 119 acres of land. As per the Tartary custom, it was a practice during that time to commission the construction of one’s tomb when alive. The construction of the tomb was completed by this son Jahangir.Located in the suburbs of Agra, the tomb is only a stone’s throw away from Mariam’s tomb. Surrounded by high walls, the building is four-tiered and pyramidical in shape. The top of the tomb is made of marble. This is the false tomb as the real one is at the basement. The false tomb is essentially a marble pavillion.The entry is through the South gate and is flanked by four minarets. These white minarets are similar to the ones found in the Taj Mahal. The structure is constructed using red sandstone. The deep red variety has been used and this aspect of the sandstone material gives a unique texture to the structure.
The mosque was exclusively built by the emperor for his royal court members. The mosque was built between the years 1648 and 1654. The reason it is called the Pearl Mosque is that it radiates like a pearl especially when the sun is shining bright.It is one of the architectural wonders in Agra. Built by Shah Jahan, the Moti Masjid is also called the Pearl Mosque. It stands on a sloping ground. The pearly white insides of the mosque are enthralling to the eye. In the centre of the court is situated a marble tank. The main entrance is located to the East of the structure. It is huge and opens up to a better view of the mosque than the other gates. There is also a sundial made of a marble pillar and octagonal shaped in the vicinity.
The richness of the look and feel never fades away and is timeless. The fort and the tomb are excellent expositions of the combination of Hindu and Muslim architecture.The tomb is located in Agra in a place called Sikandra. The tomb of Akbar is located inside the Sikandra Fort. It is made of deep red sandstone, A beautifully architected structure.
The fort stands amidst a lush garden which is enclosed in four high walls. Each side of the wall has a colossal gate. This is in accordance with the Charbagh plan that existed during that time to landscape gardens. The garden is portioned into four distinct spaces. The garden has plenty of fountains. There are numerous water channels passing through the garden. Paved causeways provide visitors a unique pathway to walk and experience the excellence of architecture all around.
Jodha Bai ka Rauza:
This is the palace of one of Akbar’s queens who was his favourite. Also called Jodha Bai’s Palace it is a simple yet sophisticated building. It is situated in the vicinity of the Jahangiri Mahal. Inside the palace there are slits in the wall. You can see the Taj Mahal through these small openings in the wall. The architectural design of this palace incorporated Rajasthani and Gujarati designs. Located in Fatehpur Sikri, this palace is yet another example of Akbar’s strong taste and talent in architecture. It is said that Jodha Bai was the third queen of the emperor. In fact many facets of this structure combined the finest details of Hindu and Muslim architectural designs. There are some aspects of the Jodha Bai ka Rauza that have resemblances to Hindu architecture.This place is guarded by a portal. Here were the residences of Akbar’s favourite queen.
The square shaped picturesque land measures exactly 300 x 300 metres. Located in Agra and on the banks of the Yamuna River, Mehtab Bagh is a Charbagh planned garden. This is a garden complex located in the vicnity of the Taj Mahal and Agra Fort.The spaces inside the garden are equally portioned into separations. This one was the last of them.There were several gardens built on the banks of the river during the Mughal regime in all the places to visit in Agra. The garden was first envisioned by Shah Jahan. He selected an ideal spot for viewing the Yamuna River. He wanted a pleasure garden lit by the soft rays of the moon. Hence he named this garden Mehtab Bagh. There are plenty of pools and pavillions in the garden. The walkways are covered with white plaster. There are plenty of fruit trees here.