The trench was later filled in and became one of the first housing streets in Vienna. Craftsmen originally lived in wooden houses on the Graben, but it gradually evolved into a market place and later residences for the city’s elite. Today it is an up-scale shopping promenade, with many local specialties such as Wien Porzellan. Graben is one of the most famous streets in central Vienna. The word Graben means “trench” in German, and dates back to an old Roman encampment in the Austrian capital. Back in those days, Vienna was enclosed by a city wall, with a trench alongside of it.
St Stephen's Cathedral
The church was destroyed in World War II but was rebuilt in seven years, with worship services still held daily. The cathedral has more than 18 altars, all built at different times, and contains precious works of art as well. Its impressive roof is covered by 230,000 glazed tiles. The cathedral, one of the city’s most important landmarks, reaches high into the Viennese skyline. Today, it is the home church for the Catholic archbishop in Vienna.
It is a road, slightly more than 5 km (3 miles) long, that circles Vienna’s inner city. Ordered built by Emperor Franz Joseph in the mid-19th century, many of the most important buildings in Vienna line both sides of the street: palaces, museums and stately homes. Construction of the Ringstrasse started in 1857, with the street opening in 1865. The buildings represent various architectural styles, and are all considered architectural masterpieces. Buildings along the road include the State Opera, the Natural History Museum, City Hall and the Vienna Stock Exchange.
Hofburg Imperial Palace
It has played an essential part of the Austrian administration scene since Hofburg Imperial Palace was built in the 13th century. The palace has several wings and halls built by various royalty over the centuries, but only three parts are open to the public today: the Imperial Apartments; the Sisi Museum, dedicated to Elizabeth, wife of Emperor Franz Joseph, and the Silver Collection, a collection of Imperial household objects. Today it is a museum and home to the president of Austria. It has been home to some of Europe’s most powerful royalty over the centuries, including the Hapsburgs and rulers of the Holy Roman and Austro-Hungarian empires.
It is one of the main traveller attractions in Vienna, The 1,441 room Schönbrunn Palace, similar in grandeur to Versailles. It offers a lot of attractions, such as the Privy Garden, the oldest zoo in the world, a maze and labyrinth, and the Gloriette, a marble summerhouse, situated on top of a 60 meter (200 feet) high hill.
The Gothic-style building, built in the 1880s, features the Rathausmann that sits on top of the tower and is a symbol of Vienna. The Wiener Rathaus is currently undergoing an extensive renovation that is expected to be completed in 2023. Somewhat, it serves as Vienna’s town hall, as well as the seat of government for the State of Vienna. The Wiener Rathaus isn’t a place where visitors can eat wieners, though a notable restaurant serving Vietnamese delicacies is located on the premises.
Spanish Riding School
It is a traditional riding school for Lipizzan horses that offers public performances in the Winter Riding School in the Hofburg. The Riding School calls these performances classical dressage, but most viewers would call it magic. Horses and riders both undergo special training that lasts for many years. The school has been training horses like this for more than four centuries. The 68 stallions – their ancestors came from Spain – have trained and performed at the Winter Riding School since about 1735.
It is a once-royal garden that is a bit of England in Vienna, as it is patterned after English gardens. A memorial to that abundant Austrian composer, Mozart, can be found in one corner of the garden, while the Palmenhaus, a magnificent glass palm house, is located in the northern part. One Austrian ruler, Kaiser Franz II used to work in the garden, which is now a place where people can enjoy outdoor lunches on pleasant days.
The Residenzplatz and Fountain:
At the very nature of Salzburg's Old city on the left bank of the Salzach is the Residenzplatz, one of the city's largest squares and a good place to begin exploring the many tourist attractions in this beautiful city. The central point of the Residenzplatz - and a shrine of the city - is the dazzling Residenzbrunnen, a valuable of marble built by an Italian sculptor in 1661 and the largest and finest Baroque fountain north of the Alps. It stands 15 meters high with splendid figures of bold horses, along with dolphins and the god Atlas bearing dishes. Crowning the whole exhibit is a Triton with an oyster shell. The square is frequently used for concerts and celebrations such as public New Year's Eve parties and a large Christmas Market that fills it in December.
It is influenced by the picturesque obstacle of Hohensalzburg, on the southeastern top of the Mönchsberg. Accessible by a pleasant 20-minute walk from the Old Town center or via a funicular railway from Festungsgasse, the original castle was built in 1077, with much of what's seen today dating from the early 1500s. The process to the fortress passes through a number of exciting curved opposing gateways under the 17th-century Fire Bastion. Through the Horse Gate into the Haupthof (outer ward), with its ancient lime tree and a cistern from 1539. More features include the courtyard, with its tiny Church of St. George from 1502 and the glorious Salzburg Bull, and forum from 1502 that still plays regularly and suggests to echo the carillon in the Neugebäude.
The Salzburg Residenz and the Residenzgalerie:
Dictatorial the western side of Salzburg's Residenzplatz is the Residenz, the departed dwelling of the city's once-powerful Prince Bishops. Built between 1596 and 1619, this huge palace is laid out around three courtyards; the large main front with a marble gateway was added in 1710. Travels of the equity stake in the amazing Case Apartments generously illuminated in Late Baroque and Early Neoclassical style and with numerous elegant wall and plaster paintings, rich adhesive ornaments, and handsome fireplaces. Of particular note are the Knights' Hall (Rittersaal), the Conference Hall (Konferenzsaal), and the splendid Audience Hall (Audienzsaal) containing Flemish tapestries from the 1600s and fine Parisian furniture.
St. Peter's Church (Stiftskirche St. Peter):
The Salzburg's oldest and most fascinating churches, St. Peter's was concluded in 1143, altered in 1625, and decorated in Rococo style between 1757 and 1783.. It was then that its distinctive helm tower was added. Inside the porch under the tower is the Romanesque west doorway dating from 1240, while in the interior, the authentic plan of the Romanesque basilica can still be recognized. Focal points are the painted altarpieces on the 16 marble altars and the Lady Chapel from 1319, which consist of a stone figure of the Virgin. Many of the frescoes illuminating the church are from the Early Gothic stage; later frescoes date from 1755. The rock-hewn tomb of St. Rupert bears an epitaph from 1444.
St. Peter's Abbey:
The Benedictine Abbey of St. Peter was established by St. Rupert in 690 AD and provided as the palace of the Archbishops until 1110. While the present buildings date mainly from the 17th and 18th centuries, they remain an impressive testament to the order's architectural skills, as can be seen in the building's tall onion- build tower, one of the first of its gracious in Europe. Focal points consist of St. Peter's Churchyard, an exciting burial ground ringed on three sides by arcades and family tombs from the 17th century. To the near, it backs onto the sheer shale face of the Mönchsberg where you'll treasure trove Early Christian catacombs and St. Maximus' Chapel, hewn from the solid rock. A section leads from the churchyard into the exterior courtyard adorned by St. Peter's Fountain (Petrusbrunnen) constructed in 1673. Another essential Salzburg monument is Nonnberg Abbey, established in AD 714, the oldest in German-speaking Europe.
Salzburg Cathedral (Dom):
The outstanding structure thanks to its twin 79-meter towers, Salzburg Cathedral was concluded in 1657. The building's west front, facing the Domplatz, has four colossal marble statues, the outer ones representing St. Rupert and Virgil, patron saints of the region, while the inner ones illustrate Peter and Paul. Notable features include its three massive bronze doors with their symbols of Faith, Love, and Hope; the high altar with its Resurrection painted in 1628; and the superb frescoes in the vaulting. The burial vaults and artifacts in the crypt are also benefit seeing, as is the Cathedral Museum with its set of ritualistic objects and objets d'art from the Salzburg archdiocese, including the 8th-century Carolingian Cross of St. Rupert, Gothic statues and paintings, and items from the Cathedral Treasury.
Schloss Mirabell and Gardens:
In Salzburg's lovely Mirabellplatz, Schloss Mirabell was reconstructed in Baroque design between 1721-27. Highlights of a visit include the spectacular Grand Staircase, built in the 18th-century, with a number of statues by Georg Raphael Donner and his pupils. Other attractive appearances are the Marble Hall and the Schloss Mirabell Baroque Museum housed in the Gardener's architecture part of the estate's Orangery, and exhibiting European art of the 17th and 18th centuries. To the south of Schloss Mirabell regions the Mirabellgarten, an attractive example of Baroque landscape style laid out in 1690 with numerous terraces, marble statues, and fountains, as well as rose gardens and colorful flower beds. The "Do-Re-Mi" scene from The Sound of Music was filmed here.
Number 9 Getreidegasse in Salzburg is the home where Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27th, 1756. Today, Mozart's Birthplace (Mozarts Geburtshaus) includes rooms once occupied by the Mozart family and displays interesting mementos, including portraits, original scores, and the young Mozart's violin. On the second stage is exhibits called Mozart in the auditorium with a number of illuminated scaled-down stages illustrate his many attainments.
Old Town Square:
Prague has one of the most enigmatic and picturesque old town squares – alive at all times of the day! It is bestrewn with street performers, tourist rides, and cafes and restaurants teeming with people. To soak in the vibe of the city, all you need to do is to get to the square, find a spot and let the energy envelope you.
There is no fee for admiring the brilliant and varied architecture of Prague. Known as ‘the city of a hundred spires’, it has baroque-style buildings and stunning Gothic churches that ooze old-world charm. Contrasting those are striking modern, Art Nouveau buildings such as the Zizkov Television Tower with the crawling-babies sculptures, and Dancing House (its two towers vaguely reminiscent of ballroom dancers) vying for attention.
The astronomical clock in the old town square is a mechanical genius and a must-see. Not only does it indicate the hours, it also marks the phases of the moon, the equinoxes, the seasons and the days. Watch the hourly spectacle as the needle moves to the accompaniment of animated allegorical figures that constitute this medieval wonder. Twelve wooden apostles emerge, nodding to the crowds gathered below; vanity admires herself in a hand mirror; a miser clutches a bag of gold; death rings a bell and the cockerel crows. The hour strikes.
Jewish Quarters (Josefov):
Delve into the Josefov or the Jewish Quarters of Prague, the best conserved complicated of historical Jewish statues in all of Europe. It has six synagogues, including the Spanish Synagogue and Old-New Synaogue, the Jewish Ceremonial Hall and the Old Jewish Cemetery. While the sites constituting the Jewish Museum are ticketed, it is still worth walking through the tiny district that was once home to nearly all of Prague's Jewish population. Saturday (Sabbath) is a good day to avoid the usual tourist crowds and take in the reflecting calm of the place.
Spanning the waters of the Vtala, Charles Bridge, named after Charles IV, is the most iconic of Prague’s bridges. It is adorned with tall statues on either side, the most popular one being that of St John Nepomuk. Tradition has it that if you rub his feet, you will restoration to Prague. A pedestrian-only bridge, it has a life of its own with musicians happily playing to the large crowds, and hawkers peddling souvenirs and curios.
This 9th century castle in Prague is acclaimed to be the largest ancient castle in the world. The sprawling complex includes the gothic St Vitus Cathedral, Basilica of St George, a monastery, several palaces, gardens and defence towers. Most of the castle areas are open to tourists. You can spend a day walking around and taking in the architecture. Watch the change of guards at the palace gates every day at noon.
No trip to Prague is complete without ambling down the lively Wenceslas Square. A wide sloping avenue with a walkway in the middle, it is dominated by the statue of St Wenceslas on horseback and lined with souvenir shops, cafes and bookshops. Behind the statue is the majestic National Museum. Climb its ornate steps for a sweeping view.
The ruins of many historic buildings all serve to attract many daily visitors as well as Thermal spring-fed medicinal baths, paths, and judiciously tended gardens. A highlight of any visit is the Palatinus Baths, a huge spa complex that covers more than 17 acres and includes a bath with artificial waves, together with various swimming, medicinal, and children's pools capable of accommodating up to 20,000 bathers at a time. Margaret Island, barely 2.4 kilometers long and 503 meters wide is Budapest's main recreation and recuperative center for most locals.
Halászbástya (Fisherman's Bastion)
The Fisherman's Bastion is made up of 7 towers, representing the 7 Magyar tribes that founded the nation, One of several landmarks that were built in the late 1800s to celebrate the 1000-year anniversary of the founding of Hungary. Sitting atop Castle Hill, the Bastion provides some of the most spectacular views of the Danube and city.
Szent István Bazilika (St. Stephen's Basilica)
St. Stephen's Basilica was built over the course of 50 years in the 1800s, the largest church in Budapest. Originally the design of architect József Hild, it's construction was mostly overseen by the renowned Miklós Ybl, one of the leading architects of the time who also designed the Budapest Opera House. Its center dome is as tall as that of the Hungarian Parliament, at 96 meters high.
City Woodland Park (Városliget)
With its kids' rides and arcades; the massive open-air Széchenyi Medicinal Bath; the fairytale Vajdahunyad Castle; and the 100,000-seat People's Stadium. The park has had many additions over the years: the Museum of Fine Arts and the Palace of Art; the Municipal Zoological and Botanical Garden; the excellent Transport Museum of Budapest; Tivoli Pleasure Park, laid out in the 19th century.
The Hungarian National Museum
A large classical building surrounding two courtyards, the superb Hungarian National Museum didn't move into its current home, though established in 1802, until 1847. In addition to its massive portico, a monument to the famous Hungarian poet János Arany impresses, as do its park-like gardens with their numerous busts of famous people.
The University Church
Its main front faces onto a thin side way, which barely does it justice. Built between 1725-42 (the two mighty towers were not completed until 1771), the principal façade incorporates a triangular tympanum with representations of St. Paul and St. Anthony, as well as the arms of the Pauline Order (a palm between two lions and a raven). The most beautiful Baroque church in Budapest is somewhat hidden, lying as it does in the south of Pest away from the main shopping streets.
Hospital in the Rock Nuclear Bunker Museum
At the time of the Cold War, the hospital was further secured against nuclear contamination. The Hospital in the Rock, this hospital and bunker now constitute a museum, where you can see exhibitions on lifesaving efforts here during the Siege of Budapest in World War II. In World War II, some were encouraged as an air raid housing and emergency hospital. Underneath Castle Hill, the rock is a maze of caves and passageways that have been used for various purposes since prehistoric times.
The Museum of Fine Arts
It houses one of the largest collections of works by the Old Masters to be found in Europe, The museum of Fine Arts is not only Budapest's most important art gallery. The wide array of Italian, Spanish and Dutch paintings are on display in a spectacular, classically influenced 19th century building with long rooms for the larger paintings, cabinets for more and smaller intimate items, together with architecturally interesting space such as the Renaissance Hall.