The trench was later filled in and became one of the first housing streets in Vienna. Craftsmen originally lived in wooden houses on the Graben, but it gradually evolved into a market place and later residences for the city’s elite. Today it is an up-scale shopping promenade, with many local specialties such as Wien Porzellan. Graben is one of the most famous streets in central Vienna. The word Graben means “trench” in German, and dates back to an old Roman encampment in the Austrian capital. Back in those days, Vienna was enclosed by a city wall, with a trench alongside of it.
St Stephen's Cathedral
The church was destroyed in World War II but was rebuilt in seven years, with worship services still held daily. The cathedral has more than 18 altars, all built at different times, and contains precious works of art as well. Its impressive roof is covered by 230,000 glazed tiles. The cathedral, one of the city’s most important landmarks, reaches high into the Viennese skyline. Today, it is the home church for the Catholic archbishop in Vienna.
It is a road, slightly more than 5 km (3 miles) long, that circles Vienna’s inner city. Ordered built by Emperor Franz Joseph in the mid-19th century, many of the most important buildings in Vienna line both sides of the street: palaces, museums and stately homes. Construction of the Ringstrasse started in 1857, with the street opening in 1865. The buildings represent various architectural styles, and are all considered architectural masterpieces. Buildings along the road include the State Opera, the Natural History Museum, City Hall and the Vienna Stock Exchange.
Hofburg Imperial Palace
It has played an essential part of the Austrian administration scene since Hofburg Imperial Palace was built in the 13th century. The palace has several wings and halls built by various royalty over the centuries, but only three parts are open to the public today: the Imperial Apartments; the Sisi Museum, dedicated to Elizabeth, wife of Emperor Franz Joseph, and the Silver Collection, a collection of Imperial household objects. Today it is a museum and home to the president of Austria. It has been home to some of Europe’s most powerful royalty over the centuries, including the Hapsburgs and rulers of the Holy Roman and Austro-Hungarian empires.
It is one of the main traveller attractions in Vienna, The 1,441 room Schönbrunn Palace, similar in grandeur to Versailles. It offers a lot of attractions, such as the Privy Garden, the oldest zoo in the world, a maze and labyrinth, and the Gloriette, a marble summerhouse, situated on top of a 60 meter (200 feet) high hill.
The Gothic-style building, built in the 1880s, features the Rathausmann that sits on top of the tower and is a symbol of Vienna. The Wiener Rathaus is currently undergoing an extensive renovation that is expected to be completed in 2023. Somewhat, it serves as Vienna’s town hall, as well as the seat of government for the State of Vienna. The Wiener Rathaus isn’t a place where visitors can eat wieners, though a notable restaurant serving Vietnamese delicacies is located on the premises.
Spanish Riding School
It is a traditional riding school for Lipizzan horses that offers public performances in the Winter Riding School in the Hofburg. The Riding School calls these performances classical dressage, but most viewers would call it magic. Horses and riders both undergo special training that lasts for many years. The school has been training horses like this for more than four centuries. The 68 stallions – their ancestors came from Spain – have trained and performed at the Winter Riding School since about 1735.
It is a once-royal garden that is a bit of England in Vienna, as it is patterned after English gardens. A memorial to that abundant Austrian composer, Mozart, can be found in one corner of the garden, while the Palmenhaus, a magnificent glass palm house, is located in the northern part. One Austrian ruler, Kaiser Franz II used to work in the garden, which is now a place where people can enjoy outdoor lunches on pleasant days.
It is the main canal of the city and one of its most important passageways. At the evening you can take a romantic boat ride in a gondola and enjoy a true Venetian experience. It is beautiful and extremely photogenic, and photography lovers can spend hours taking countless pictures of it. Transportation through the 3.8 km (2.4 miles) canal is done using water buses and water taxis, or using the old fashion gondolas.
Piazza San Marco
This city square is the social, religious and political center of Venice and has been for many centuries. Piazza San Marco or St Mark’s Square is the main square of Venice. Piazza San Marco is also home to other famous attractions of the city: Saint Mark’s Basilica and St Mark’s Campanile. No visit to Venice is complete without visiting Piazza San Marco. The large piazza has a smaller extension called the Piazzetta which stretches from the square to the lagoon.
The beautiful old bridge is one of the icons of Venice and is always packed with excited tourists. The oldest of four bridges spanning the Grand Canal in Venice. It was completed in 1591, replacing a wooden bridge that collapsed in 1524. It is also one of the world’s most famous bridges and the world’s most beautiful stone bridges
The market along with the bridge are one of the most popular tourists attraction in Venice. This ancient market dates back to the 11th century. Today the market is located on the bank of the Grand Canal, not far from the Rialto Bridge.
Doge’s Palace and Bridge of Sighs
It became a museum in 1923 and today it is one of the most significant museums in Venice. Entering the museum allows you to walk across the famous Bridge of Sighs (you can see the bridge without entering the museum). Situated next to Saint Mark’s Basilica, Doge’s Palace was built in the 14th century and was the residence of the Doge of Venice.
The most famous artwork included in the museum is the Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci. Established by Napoleon, the Galleria dell’Accademia holds a comprehensive collection of Venetian art by artists such as Bellini, Titian, Tintoretto and Veronese. The museum is located on the south bank of the Grand Canal.
Saint Mark’s Basilica
The basilica stands in the Piazza San Marco . It is one of the icons of the city and the destination of every tourist in the city. The most famous of Venice’s churches and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture.
Take the water bus or water taxi (vaporetto) to Burano island, within the Venetian Lagoon. Walk the streets or take a boat ride in the colorful island. The island is famous for its brightly coloured houses and often listed as one of the most colorful places in the world.
9 La Fenice
The Teatro La Fenice is the opera house of Venice, and one of the most significant opera houses in Italy and Europe. You can take a tour inside the magnificent building and auditorium
This majestic structure located at the far end of the Roman Forum continues to remain Ancient Rome’s greatest architectural legacy. Grounds for the bloody combat between gladiators and wild beasts, the monument has fascinated and appalled visitors for over 2,000 years. Walk through the various levels of the Colosseum and be amazed at the vastness of the stadium. Catch the magnificence of this grand structure floodlit at night, creating a wonderful spectacle. Nearby, is the Arch of Constantine erected by the Senate, next to the Colosseum to honour Constantine's defeat of the pagan Maxentius (in 306), signifying a great turning point in Roman history.
‘Forum’, which literally means 'public places', are abundant throughout Rome. The most notable among them is the Roman Forum, which once was the centre of Roman public life in imperial Rome, as evidenced by the remnants of triumphal arches, temples and basilicas. It is popularly held to be the place where Caesar was cremated (though in fact it took place at the other end of the Forum). Catch a view here at night from the Campidoglio or Capitoline Hill, Michelangelo's piazza from the Renaissance that overlooks the Forum.
For centuries, Rome has been known as one of the world’s leading seats of religion. Located within the city of Rome, Vatican, the world’s smallest independent country within a city, is the center of Catholicism and the temporal seat of the Pope. The vibrant city is filled with a series of special services positioned around St. Peter’s Square, the Vatican and, of course, the Pope. The most spectacular event and one not to miss is on Easter when the Pope stands from his balcony overlooking the Vatican and addresses the giant crowds (and those watching on television) in St. Peter’s Square.
The Piazza di Spagna or Spanish Square, one of Rome’s most popular meeting places is connected to Trinita dei Monti, a handsome French Church on top of a hill via a long staircase, known as Spanish Steps. This architectural marvel is the result of a petty rivalry between the French and Spanish. The long, triangular square is named after the Spanish Embassy to the Holy See that has been in existence since the 17th century. In spring and summer time, the steps are adorned with pots of blossoming flowers and crowded with visitors and locals alike.
Basilica di San Pietro:
With its colonnade, the Basilica di San Pietro is certainly the most famous and spectacular church in Rome. It is very often referred to as the “mother of all churches” and is one of the holiest sites in Christendom. The church was built on the burial site of Peter the Apostle who is considered the first Pope. Within it is housed Vatican’s greatest treasure – Michelangelo’s Pieta, a genius in capturing human form and the only work signed by the great artist. Apart from having caught the right facial expressions in stone, he has sculpted the most magnificent looking Christ and a beautiful Mary with her youthful features, conveying her purity.
The Vatican Museums are a good 15-minute walk from St. Peter’s Square and are storehouses of priceless art collected by a succession of Popes. You can expect long queues especially on weekends and the last Sunday of the month, when admission is free. The museum remains closed on Catholic holidays, so consult a local calendar before coming. Book a ticket on the Vatican Museums website and get there early to beat the crowds!
Parco Regionale dell Appia Antica:
Parco Regionale dell Appia Antica is a park that looks at conserving the natural beauty of its surroundings and giving people a space to enjoy the scenic beauty. The park has been declared as a protected since 1988. This is truly one of the most spectacular landscapes, complete with archaeological monuments and museums along with nature trails. You can explore the park on foot or head out on a bike. In addition, every Sunday and on holidays, this area is closed to private vehicular traffic, which turns it into Rome's biggest pedestrian zone.
Museo della Civilta Romana:
Designed between 1939-41, Museo della Civilta Romana or the Museum of the Roman Civilization, as the name suggests, is a museum dedicated to ancient Roman civilization. It is divided into 59 sections that display models and reproductions, along with original artefacts, that represent the history of Roman civilization right from the origins up to the 4th century. The three main itineraries that you can explore here are divided into the historical sections, the thematic sections and the model of imperial Rome. Some of the highlights of the museum include a model of archaic Rome, a scale model of ancient Rome in the age of Constantine I by Italo Gismond, samples of late imperial and early Christian art and a reconstructed Roman library based on that in the Villa Adriana at Tivoli. It’s great place for those who want to understand the depth and brilliance of Roman architecture and design.
The Villa Celimontana located on the summit of the Caelian Hill, is famous for its beautiful gardens. Built in the 16th century, the villa area covers most of the valley between the Aventine Hill and the Caelian. Legend has it that Numa Pompilius met the nymph Egeria here and within the grounds of the present villa, was the base of the 5th cohort of the Vigiles. Around the mid-16th century, the grounds were occupied by a vineyard, which was then converted into a villa in the year 1580. The villa was under the possession of the Mattei family from 1553 until 1928 , when it became a public park. The Mattei family had a collection of marbles, which are still seen across the gardens. The villa is now home to the Italian Geographic Society. The garden also has one of Rome’s Egyptian obelisks. Summer time is when the villa doubles up as a charming venue for jazz concerts and other cultural activities.
Fontana della Barcaccia literally meaning ‘Fountain of the Old Boat’ is a decorative fountain made in 1627 by Pietro Bernini and his son Gian Lorenzo Bernini. It is located in the Piazza di Spagna in Rome at the foot of the famous Spanish Steps. It gets its name thanks to its shape, which resembles a half-sunken ship with water pouring into it. The design commemorates a time when River Tiber overflowed, flooding the Spanish Steps, and leaving a boat that drifted ashore at the square.
The Column of Marcus Aurelius:
The Column of Marcus Aurelius was built somewhere between AD 180 and 196 as a victory column. Located in Piazza Colonna, this was constructed in honour of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius, one of the most intellectual Roman authors and also the writer of The Meditations. The column is supposed to have been modelled on the famous Trajan's Column. It is about 100 feet high and has a spiral relief, which is illustrated with scenes from ancient Roman army life. The column underwent restoration around 1588 and this was when the statue of emperor Marcus Aurelius was replaced with a statue of apostle St. Paul.
River Tiber is a defining feature of Rome and has two islands. Isola Tiberina or Tiber Island is the smaller of the two, and is located at the southern bend of the river. The island is about 270 metres long and 67 metres wide, and is connected with bridges on either side of the river. The island, which is shaped like a boat, was the seat of the ancient temple of Asclepius, later a hospital, and is therefore associated with medicine and healing. You will now find the Aesculapius Temple under the Church of San Bartelomeo, a basilica constructed by the Emperor Otto III.
Largo di Torre Argentina:
Located in the ancient Campus Martius, this square is home to four Republican Roman temples and the remnants of Pompey’s Theatre. The square gets its name from Torre Argentina, which in turn gets its name from the city of Strasbourg, whose Latin name was Argentoratum. The famous 18th-century opera house, Teatro Argentina, is located here. Another highlight of the area is the Torre Argentina Cat Sanctuary, a shelter for homeless cats in Rome.
Via del Corso:
Via del Corso lies at the heart of the historical centre of Rome. It is an important city that has Piazza Venezia in the south and the Piazza del Popolo to the north. The street is about 10 metres wide and about 1.5 kilometres long. It is a street marked by the quintessential narrow ancient alleys and Roman piazzas. The northern portion of the street is a pedestrian area. You will also find plenty of shops lined along the street here.
Altstadt von Innsbruck (Old town)
With some of the buildings standing for over 500 years there is a great deal of history surrounding this area and a large amount of effort has been put in to maintain the medieval details etc.The Altstadt is the old town centre of Innsbruck and stands as one of the main attractions. You can enjoy a bite to eat, or a coffee in one of the beautiful cafes and restaurants, or admire the wonderful architecture of the buildings and the people of Innsbruck.
The pleasant journey takes around 20 minutes and provides you with amazing views of Innsbruck and the jaw dropping mountain scenery surrounding it.The Innsbrucker Nordkette is a cable car ride that takes you up to Nordkette which is part of Austria’s largest natural park. There are several stops on the way and you can simply get off or continue to the top – At each stop there is something different to do, from watching the Skiers speed down the slopes, to climbing on the rocky face of the Karwendel.
Imperial Palace (Hofburg)
The museums contain a furniture display, an ancestral gallery and a painting gallery and illustrate many aspects of the Hapsburgs culture. Constructed in the 1400’s, this striking palace has a brilliant white façade with green domed towers and a beautiful interior.Now split into five themed museums, the Hofburg is a great way to learn about the history of Austria and see what the furnishings of a royal palace look like.The Hofburg is a fine piece of architecture and stands as a highly significant building in Austria.
Bergisel Ski Jump
It has been used at both the Olympic Games and the World Championships and is an impressive site. What could be more exciting than watching athletes speed down the 90m slope on their skis and gracefully glide off the edge and plummet to the soft snow beneath them. The views from the top are excellent and it is attractive to watch the Ski Jumpers practice their art.
You can walk through the Zoo and see such marvels as a mighty Brown Bear, playful Otters swimming in the water, howling Wolves, and a majestic Golden Eagle.Plenty of cities have a Zoo, but what sets Innsbruck’s Alpine Zoo apart from the rest is its concentration on mainly indigenous animals of the area and animals that live in mountainous areas. The Zoo also helps biodiversity of the area and provides some of the more endangered animals a home.
Cathedral of St. James
Its front facade stands out with two green domed bell towers and a striking Baroque design, while the interior has all the typical trappings and decorations one would expect from an important religious building. Cathedrals often stand as central points in a city or as a recognisable landmark; St. James’ Cathedral is no exception. While the main altar is lavished with gold and marble and creates a wonderful centrepiece, the ceilings and domes have beautiful artwork and details.
The actual quality and artistic acumen of this immense 10,764 square foot painting are fabulous and the scenes that it depicts really are interesting.The painting and museum are situated where the actual battle took place and are a great way to learn about the history of this area and the struggles the Tyrolean rebels persevered through.
Sited near the Hofburg Palace, it is quite central and easy to reach. Over the years the garden has seen many different designs and now contains several ponds, a play-park, a restaurant and loads of beautiful mature trees and plant life. At convinced times concerts are also held here and sometimes even chess tournaments. Whatever you choose to do, the well manicured lawns, luscious greenery and lovely garden landscapes will be perfect to enjoy.